08/Dec/04/Thu Today's English ( spend A on B..., spend A ....ing )

Good morning all,
It is sunny and good weather this morning and
weather forecast said it will be relatively warm
for a while here in Tokyo. Daytime highs will be
about 15-17 degrees.
Here is today's english!
unit 203
" What do you think makes them competative?"
" For the most part, it's because they spend substantial
sums of money on research and development."
( R&Dへの 投資が 競争力の 秘訣! )
Words,Phrases & Patterns
> make ; (第5文型で) ...を ...する・させる.
> competitive ; 競争の, 競争の厳しい
> for the most part ; = mostly 大部分は
> substantial ; (量,程度)が 相当な,
> ...sum of ; ..な金額の
ここで spend substantial sums of money on は
spend A on B....の 表現で  A (時間, お金)を Bに
使うの 意味です.
参考1, spend A ...ingを よく 使いますが, Bの 対象に
名詞の時は onを, ...するのに と 動詞+目的語
で使う場合は...ing (同名詞)を 使うことです。
参考2, (時間/お金)を...に浪費する との意味では wasteを
spend/waste A ...ing  ; ..するのに 時間/お金を 使う/浪費する
spend/waste A on B  ; B(事物)に 時間/お金を 使う/浪費する
...に 時間/お金を 使う/浪費する と 表現したい 時は 
この 表現を 使ってみて ください。
(a) You should not spend so much money on cosmetics
(化粧品に そんなに 沢山の お金を 使っては だめ!)

(b) I wasted my time doing nothing
(なにも しないで 時間の 浪費した)

(c) Don't spend much time on it
(それに 沢山の時間をつかうな!)
Have a great day today!!!
I have had dreams and I have had nightmares,
but I have conquered my nightmares because
of my dreams.
-- In the Chapter 2 of ALL-IN-ONE  --
No challenge, No chance!!!
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