09/Jan/8 Thu Today's English ( 不可算名詞 数える方法 )

Good morning all,
Let's start Today with great vigor!
4 days already have passed since year 2009 got started!
It is a bit cloudy but good weather this morning here in Tokyo.
Nowadays it is not so cold with the temperature of 10 degrees
this morning and about 12 degrees during daytime.
Here is Today's English
Seq 54 ( unit 4 ) : lessons 3 不可算 数える方法
1. My friend gave me two english books for my english study.
2. My friend gave me a piece of advice about purchasing land.
3. My friend gave me two pieces of advice about how to study english.
4. Could we have more cups of coffee here, please?
Words,Phrases & Patterns
> give A to B ; A(人)に B(物)をあげる. 4形式動詞.
> purchase ; (公式的) 購入する. buy より 公式的, 会社の 購買部で よく使う.  
普通名詞は 数える 加算名詞で 単数に a,an を つける,
複数に -sを つけて表す。 一つ, 二つ, 三つ数える時は one, two, threeを つけて
物質名詞(water, milk など)と 抽象名詞(advice, love...など 無形)は 数えない 不可算
名詞でone, two,threeをつけて 使えないので、どう数えますか?
例えば, 抽象名詞 advice は 不可算名詞で;
an advice, advicestwo advices, three advices で 表現できない。
( 単数の an つけない, 複数の -s 付けない, two, three で数えない)
では, "一つの忠告" " 二つの 忠告", " 一杯のコーヒ", "コーヒ 2杯" は どう 表現すべきですか。次のように数えます。
1. 抽象名詞
> a piece of advice,
> two pieces of advice ( 後ろに adviceに -s つけて advicesにしない)
2. 物質名詞
- tea, milk, wine,waterは 液体で,容器に入れて使うので, 容器名前を 使う.
> a cup of tea
> a glass of milk ; two glasses of milk
> a bottle of wine ; two bottles of wine
> two cups of tea  (後ろのtea を teasにしない )
> two glasses of milk (後ろの milkを milks にしない)
> two bottles of wine (後ろの wineを wines にしない)
- bread, cheese 塊で 刀で 切って 一つ片, 二つ片で表現
> a slice of bread
> a slice of cheese
- paper も 物質名詞で 一枚で表現
> a piece of paper
> a sheet of paper
- furniture(家具), baggage(荷物) 不可算名詞の 集合名詞と言う.
> a piece of furniture
> two pieces of baggage
1番 bookは 加算名詞で, 複数なのでtwo books.
2,3番 adviceは 抽象名詞で a piece of advice, two pieces of advice.
4番 coffeeは 物質名詞で more cups of coffee
注意; more cups of coffee で coffee を coffeesにしない.
日本語で; いまから, 英語文でこのような 表現をみると 理解できますようね!
(a) Can I have a cup of coffee please?
(b) Help me with my two pieces of baggage, it is too heavy!
Have a great day today!
I have had dreams and I have had nightmare,
but I have conquered my nightmares because of my dream 
--- Jonas Salk ---  
2009 No challenge, No chance!
If you have any questions, please email me:
email in Korean ; ytkim5@yahoo.co.kr
email in Japanese ; ytkim56@yahoo.co.jp
email in Chinese ; ytkim55555@yahoo.com.cn
Today's English is available in both Korean and Japanese version,
If you need both, please let me know!
English Study Group on every Sat night 21:00 - 23:00 at Shinjuku area!
Please join us for your further English study!

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